Borgo Cisterna

TAKE THE THRESHOLD OF TIME AND IMMERSE YOURSELF IN THE PAST, IN AN ATMOSPHERE WHERE THE BEAUTY AND HOSPITALITY WERE THE MOST IMPORTANT FEATURES

Sited in a charming and panoramic place, on a rochy promontory, the old medieval fortified Hamlet Cisterna, one of the most beautiful, in a land rich in history and Dante’s quotation as the Montefeltro is, a few kilometers from S. Leo, and Urbino, where you can enjoy excellent cuisine and stay in historic residences overlooking a breathtaking view on the sweet and lush hills of the Marche, surrounded by lush and unspoiled nature

A wonderful medieval fortified hamlet, among the most beautiful, in the middle of one of the richest in history and Dante’s quotes lands as Montefeltro, a few km far from S. Leo and Urbino, where it’s possible to enjoy a wonderful traditional kitchen and to sleep in historic rooms facing on a breathtaking panorama on the sweet and green hills of Marche, and on the more heavy lines of the Appennino, surrounded by a lush and pristine nature.
In short, the sensation you feel entering the hamlet is to cross the time line and to dive in the past, in a atmosphere were the beauty and the hospitality were the most important features.

HOSPITALITY

Borgo Cisterna, an ancient fortified medieval site which still preserves traces of the Roman presence, is placed harmoniously in the natural environment so as to make this place extraordinarily predisposed to offer peaceful and restful stays, whether they want to spend a pleasant holiday of rest and culture in the period homes made available, whether they only want to enjoy our kitchen and therefore only the restaurant.

For this reason, our receptivity philosophy has led us to adopt some choices including the absence of a TV in the room, to offer maximum tranquility and distraction from everyday problems. Even the ban on the circulation of cars and motorcycles within the village is the result of the need to make the space quiet and safe, as well as offering full naturalness to the living room. Obviously the momentary needs for loading and unloading luggage and goods are excluded, to then transfer the cars to the spaces provided in our reserved parking lot.

Another reason, on the other hand, can be attributed to the choice of not offering a WiFi connection, in fact we believe it is appropriate to preserve as much as possible, a healthy environment without close power repeaters, therefore WiFi radiations-free. However, technology helps us overcome this lack with good cellular reception.

In any case, an internet point and a printer is available for any need.

However, the Borgo Cisterna is the residence of the tenants, the Gallerani family, who are constantly available to Guests and willing to satisfy the different needs with full flexibility even during the hours.

The typology of hospitality and the particularity of its own productions and cuisine make that the Borgo Cisterna is classified in the Marche Region with the maximum of 5 Peaks.

HISTORY

The village is made up of three main groups of buildings, one of which in turn consists of various adjacent structures, built around the watchtower of the 12th-13th century and the adjoining tower house (14th century), in addition to other fifteenth-century buildings. The primordial buildings and the tower are placed on a spur of rock that constitutes the foundations to all effects. Still there are the fortification walls around the village that surround this and the spur as in a narrow embrace so that the houses develop, joining together, crossed by an imposing stone staircase that allows access to the various rooms and rooms. At the top of the steps of the village, just where the foundations of other buildings were found, the ancient wall that supported them was rebuilt and above it was built a panoramic swimming pool, just as if it were for location and capacity , of the ancient cistern that perhaps in ancient times gave the name to the site.

Although the tower is currently the oldest building in its entirety, certainly some structural changes to walls and other signs reveal traces of previous settlements whose origins perhaps date back to Roman times, when the village was a thriving farm, where they were preserved, in ditches dug into the sandstone and recently rediscovered, the seeds, the wheat and every other thing the earth offered. The very name of Cisterna indicates a toponym of probable Roman origin, very widespread in Italy and attributed to sites with water deposits.
The tower, with an irregular pentagonal base that developed at least one floor in height beyond the current level, appeared to be at the center of a guard and signaling system on the perimeter of entry from the south towards the Montefeltro, a land formerly disputed by the Malatesta of Rimini and the Dukes of Urbino. In that period in which there were numerous local conflicts and infighting, the tower of Cisterna was probably part of a defensive and guard system, being able to communicate on sight with the tower of the castle of Macerata di Montefeltro (now Macerata Feltria) or that of Certalto or with the Colle della Faggiola on which a tower is thought to have existed and whose name made use of an illustrious figure such as Uguccione della Faggiola (disputed birth between the municipalities of Monte Cerignone, adjacent to ours, and Casteldelci).

The settlement subsequently developed with a “Casa Torre” (14th-15th century) built close to the tower with which it formed, together with the adjoining city walls, a larger building that was certainly more defensible against raids and looting than still raging in the territory. Later the small settlement developed into a probable castrum, perhaps of some local lord, up to the events that led to the defeat of Sigismondo Malatesta by Federico da Montefeltro, with the acquisition of the territory within the Duchy of Urbino.

Regained a certain political tranquility, the village undergoes an important restructuring, becoming the residence of some court dignitary or illustrious personage whose identity is still unknown, who starts a radical restructuring of the site, obtaining more noble residential environments and expanding the rooms intended for to the conservation and transformation of the products of the earth, in addition to those destined to stables. It is from that period a notarial deed (1520) in which we speak of “Villa Cisterna”, an attribute which is to be understood as referring to a noble settlement as could be understood in Roman times, with its own important agricultural activity such as to hypothesize that the village could be one of the rare fortified farms.

The subsequent history follows the events of the Della Rovere and therefore of the definitive acquisition by the State of the Church, up to being abandoned by the local lords, fortunately not always following the vicissitudes of most of the 150 castles surveyed in the Montefeltro, which were in partly demolished by local populations to derive building material for new settlements (see on all the Castello di Montecopiolo or that of Pietracavola), but certainly it returned slowly and definitively to its function of rural residence, still maintaining its primordial medieval features. Many people lived in the village so that at the beginning of the 20th century there were about 90 inhabitants. In fact, the countryside was widely inhabited so much that since the advent of the Kingdom of Italy, a large schoolroom had also been created inside the village, which also gathered children from the nearby villages. It was therefore a place lived and frequented also for the presence of water to which the inhabitants of the area drew, this being often disseminated yes of water sources, but often sulphurous.

Life has always been spent harmoniously and simply in the village of Cisterna, as the local elders remember, always ready to celebrate any event by dancing in the wide yard after, for example, harvesting or threshing.
Now, after a few decades of neglect, the village has regained its life thanks to the Gallerani family which, really abandoning the big city and the more comfortable jobs it offers, has it entirely and in its own hand prized restored and furnished, with attention and refinement in the attention to detail, in order to restore the original features and sensations. It seems impossible but, in addition to the spouses Mario and Stefania, also their four children Michele, Lucia, Elena and little Matteo, tried first in the project and then also in the realization, bringing back the walls, the interiors (all in stone sight) and also the furnishings, to that originality that has preserved its beauty and antiquity.

In short, the feeling you get upon entering the village is to cross the threshold of time and immerse yourself in the past, in an atmosphere where beauty and hospitality were the most important characteristics.

    THE FARM AND ITS PRODUCTS

    The BORGO of CISTERNA has always been, since the Roman period and perhaps Etruscan, a site devoted to agriculture. Even today, as then, in the lands surrounding the Borgo di Cisterna, fruit trees, aromatic herbs and, olives and horticultural crops are cultivated. The products of our crops are an integral part of our kitchen which is based on the family tradition and the search for original recipes of the territory. Among the many fruit trees we mainly mention sour cherries, figs and pink meline. Plum, almond and persimmon are also present.

    Among the particular productions we highlight that of the Caper of Borgo Cisterna, essence registered in the Regional Repertoire, No. 70 of the Vegetable Section-Herbaceous Species, based on the L.R. 12/2003, registration of 03.05.2013. Since last October 2014 the CAPPERO of Borgo Cisterna has been counted among the different species within the Ark of Slow Food Gustodi. Our Agricultural Company is proud to be able to contribute to safeguarding the biological heritage and regional biodiversity, among other things as the only producer in the region of this essence and with the welcome qualification of Farmer Custodian agreement with the ASSAM, Agency Services of the Agroindustrial Sector of the Marche.
    Aromatic and wild herbs, used in large quantities also in the kitchen, are the elements used to prepare Salamoia del Borgo, which is very useful for flavoring grilled meat and roasts.
    From the fruits harvested in our fields and orchards we get special jams, all homemade, among which we mention that of local figs, that of Pink Apples and the very delicate jam of our Pumpkins.
    Vegetables and fruits are also the essential ingredient for the preparation of our pickles and pickles, among which we mention our Cachi under oil.
    Our sour cherries make up the main ingredient for the production of our Visciolino, a particular aromatized wine, with a full and well-defined flavor, not too sweet but on the contrary, slightly bitter, just like the real taste of sour cherry. It is therefore excellent at the end of a meal but also to accompany desserts and above all cheeses.
    As already anticipated, the most particular company cultivation is constituted by the native capers, Caper Rupestre of Borgo Cisterna, which have been growing for many decades on the boundary walls of the village, adorning it with their particular white and violet flower: prepared under salt are a characterizing element of our traditional cuisine.

    Among the transformations we mention the production of Pecorino di Fossa which is fermented in special pits probably dating back to Roman times and used then for the conservation of seeds when this was still the practice of those times.

    THE FAMILY

    Visiting these beautiful lands of Montefeltro, the Gallerani spouses immediately fell in love dreaming of being able to realize a small dream here. In fact, the Gallerani family, originally from Bologna, abandoned the city and the more comfortable works offered by it and undertook a long process of restructuring by realizing the entire work with valuable attention and refinement in the care of the details, in its own way to return to the site the features and original sensations.

    The work, which began at the end of 2003, led to the opening of the structure in December 2007, completing the main parts. It seems impossible but, in addition to the spouses Mario and Stefania, also their four children Michele, Lucia, Elena and little Matteo, tried first in the project and then also in the realization, bringing back the stone walls with local view, the interiors and also the furnishings to that originality that has preserved its beauty and antiquity.

    We wanted to dedicate a new emblem to this choice of life and to our family unit. In it are enclosed in an embrace, as is that of the boundary wall around the houses of the village, the initials of the spouses Mario and Stefania; at the top stands the symbol of the tower, the primordial building of the village, and above it is a diadem with four jewels: their children Michele Lucia Elena and Matteo.